Who is your best friend? Describe him.
Monkeys Cause Man’s Death
A florist in Delhi, India fell to his death after he was attacked by a gang of monkeys. He was on his balcony watering his plants. Three monkeys, which usually were friendly beggars, sat on his balcony railing and watched. They were hoping that he would offer them some food. When he finished watering the plants, he sat down in a chair to enjoy the sunset.
The monkeys waited a minute. When they realized that he was not going to feed them anything, they leaped on him. They scratched his face and pulled at his hair and his clothes. Bleeding and screaming, he panicked. Instead of going back into his apartment through the sliding glass door, he leapt off his balcony. He lived on the second floor, so it was only ten feet to the pavement below. However, he struck the pavement head first, immediately breaking his neck.
The monkeys jumped to the pavement. They dug through his shirt and pants pockets looking for food. One monkey took off with his keys. As humans destroy the forests in India, monkeys like these are getting hungrier and more aggressive.
“Our monkeys are getting out of control,” said a neighbor. He said he had already barricaded his balcony with barbed wire. “It’s ugly, I must admit. A balcony shouldn’t look like the outside of a prison. My neighbors want me to take it down. They say the barbed wire might injure the monkeys and it’s unsightly. But I’ll bet that some of my neighbors will be going to the hardware store tomorrow.”
Trip to London
Preposição é a palavra que liga dois termos e que estabelece entre eles algumas relações. Nessas relações, um termo explica ou completa o sentido do outro.
As principais preposições são:
About – sobre; a respeito de We are talking about the math test.
After – após; depois (de) She arrived after the class.
Against – contra If God is us, who could be agaist us?
Before – antes The children before.
Behind – atrás The dog’s house is behind the garden.
Beside – ao lado de John seated beside his girlfriend.
Besides – além de My citie is besides that hills.
During – durante; é usado para expressar períodos de tempo conhecidos pelo nome ou períodos que já foram definidos:
The students were laughing during the class.
During the Christmas
During the summer
During my holidays
From – de; proveniente de; desde de; a partir de
Where are you from?
In front of – em frente de That school is in front of the gas station.
Inside – dentro; do lado de dentro There was some money inside that wallet.
Instead of – ao invés de Why don’t you work instead of oppose?
Near = next to – perto de The bank is next to the post Office.
Outside – fora; lado de fora My cat is outside the house.
Since – desde I live here since 1997.
With – com Linda travelled with some friends.
Without – sem I can’t stand without your presence by my side.
To – para; em direção a ; a; ao; à; até; para; a fim de; em; com; de; da …
I’m going to school.
For – por; em lugar de; a favor de; de; em nome de; para; a fim de …
I’ll buy a new dress for my mother.
Under – embaixo There is a ball under the chair.
Beneath – debaixo Paulo went beneath the rain.
Normalmente são colocadas antes de substantivos ou pronomes. De qualquer forma, em dois tipos de construção é possível, no Inglês informal mudar a preposição para o final da frase.
1. Em perguntas começando com uma preposição + WHOM/ WHICH/ WHAT/ WHOSE/ WHERE:
To whom were you talking? (formal)
Who were you talking to? (informal)
In which drawer does he keep it? (formal)
Which drawer does he keep it in? (informal)
2. Similarmente nas orações relatives (relative clauses), uma preposição colocada antes de WHOM/ WHICH pode ser movida pra o final da frase. O pronome relativo é, muitas vezes omitido:
The people with whom I was travelling. (formal)
The people I was traveling with. (informal)
The company from wich I hire my TV ser. (formal)
The company from I hire my TV set from. (informal)
Há preposições que apresentam variações quanto ao seu significado:
Above – acima de; por sobre; por cima de; sobre (sem indicar contato); indica que uma coisa está em uma posição superior em relação a outra; mais alto que:
The sky is above us.
Over – acima (de); sobre; por cima (não indica contato; expressa um sentido vertical entre dois pontos; mais que; mais alto que:
There is a picture over the door.
She didn’t eat over than five cookies. (Ela não comeu mais que cinco biscoitos)
Up – acima; para cima; para o alto (indicando movimento)
This side up.
AT: – momento exato: at 8 o’clock.
– momento definido: at sixteen/ at the age of sixteen
– lugar definido: at school
– endereço completo: at 45 Main Street
– nomes de datas comemorativas: at Christimas, at Easter, at Carnival
– nomes de vilas ou pequenas cidades: at Areal.
ON: – em contato com: on the desk
– nomes de ruas: on Main Stree, On CSB 08
– em datas: on Christmas day, on 4th July
– dias da semana: on Sunday
IN: – significando dentro: in a cave, in a building
– cidades, estados, países: in Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil
– partes do dia: in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening (but AT night)
– estações do ano, meses, anos: in the winter, in 1992, in July.