Recordando o Reported Speech! – Gramática de Inglês (Prof.Newton)

REPORTED SPEECH
É a fala reportada, quando falamos algo que outra pessoa disse. Normalmente passamos o que foi dito para o passado.
Affirmative and negative sentences:
“Spain will recover from this crisis”
–        He said (that) Spain would recover from that crisis.
–        He told us (that) Spain would recover from that crisis.
“She doesn’t want to go on holiday next summer”
–        She said (that) she didn’t want to go on holiday the following summer.
–        She told me (that) she didn’t want to go on holidaythe following summer.
Interrogative sentences:
“Will you marry me?”  (YES/NO)
– He asked (me) if I would marry him.
“Why don’t you ask her?”
– He asked him why he didn’t ask her.
Instructions:
“Sit down”
– He told me to sit down.
“Please, don’t go”
– He told me not to go.
I told that I was very tired. WRONG
I told HER/MY SISTER/HELEN that I was very tired.RIGHT
I said HER that I was very tired. WRONG
I said that I was very tired. RIGHT
Reported Speed with orders / instructions:
– “Sit down”           – she told me TO sit down.
– “Don’t speak”      – she told me NOT TO speak
How to write sentences in direct speech:
She said, “Today’s lesson is on presentations.”
or
“Today’s lesson is on presentations,” she said.
Verb changes
Direct speech
Indirect/reported speech
Present simple 
She said, “It’s cold.”
Past simple 
She said it was cold.
Present continuous 
She said, “I’m teachingEnglish online.”
Past continuous 
She said she was teachingEnglish online.
Modal verb forms also sometimes change:
Direct speech
Indirect speech
will
She said, “I’ll teach English online tomorrow.”
would
She said she would teach English online tomorrow.
can
She said, “I can teach English online.”
could
She said she could teach English online.
must
She said, “I must have a computer to teach English online.”
had to 
She said she had to have a computer to teach English online.
shall
She said, “What shall we learn today?”
should
She asked what we shouldlearn today.
may
She said, “May I open a new browser?”
might
She asked if she might open a new browser.
Time changes
Expressions of time if reported on a different day
this (evening)
that (evening)
today
yesterday …
these (days)
those (days)
now
then
(a week) ago
(a week) before
last weekend
the previous weekend
here
there
next (week)
the following (week)
Pronouns
teach English online.”
She said she taught English online.
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