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Hoje temos “Obesity”, um Texto em INGLÊS SIMPLIFICADO!

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OBESITY – Texto em Inglês Simplificado com EXERCÍCIOS, para treinar READING! | Prof. Newton Rocha – Inglês por Skype #dicasdeinglês

Obesity

obesityObesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. Body mass index (BMI), a measurement which compares weight and height, defines people as overweight (pre-obese) when their BMI is between 25 kg/m2 and 30 kg/m2, and obese when it is greater than 30 kg/m2.

Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, breathing difficulties during sleep, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive dietary calories, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications or psychiatric illness. Evidence to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is limited; on average obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass.

The primary treatment for obesity is dieting and physical exercise. To supplement this, or in case of failure, anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or inhibit fat absorption. In severe cases, surgery is performed or an intragastric balloon is placed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length, leading to earlier satiation and reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food.

Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing prevalence in adults and children, and authorities view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. Obesity is stigmatized in much of the modern world (particularly in the Western world), though it was widely perceived as a symbol of wealth and fertility at other times in history, and still is in some parts of the world.

Source: Wikipedia

Comprehension

  1. The statistics state that.
    a. although obesity is prevalent, it is not considered as a serious illness.
    b. obesity is considered as a serious illness.
  2. Obese people
    a. may suffer from severe illnesses.
    b. may suffer from mild ailments.
  3. Modern medicine
    a. can cure obesity.
    b. cannot cure it at all.
  4. The best treatment for obesity is
    a. related to individuals lifestyle.
    b. medical.

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